published as City's access, bypass routes must be split, NZ Herald, 10 Mar 2000
Auckland's Traffic: Getting the Diagnosis Right
Keith Rankin, 8 March 2000
Auckland's latest "Transit plan" proposes to expand Spaghetti Junction by, among other things, widening the Southern to Northwestern motorway link, the Victoria Park flyover, and creating a Northern to Northwestern link.
As such, the plan fails to address the root problem; indeed it aggravates it.
Auckland's traffic crisis is caused by the existence of a network of motorways that merge through-traffic with traffic going to or from the central business district (CBD). Spaghetti Junction is both a CBD access route and a CBD bypass route.
The consequence of this merging of two types of traffic is gridlock, which stunts the growth of the central city, promoting perimeter development instead. The consequence of perimeter development is that the nature of the journeys made by Aucklanders becomes increasingly complex.
Complex journeys, difficult to make via public transport, are almost always made by car. So the vicious cycle is that automobile gridlock in central Auckland promotes increased use of the automobile through greater Auckland, which means that relatively more of the traffic using Spaghetti Junction is through-traffic.
The cycle can only be broken by separating through-traffic from CBD traffic. Little can be achieved until the south-western SH20 road link is completed, enabling traffic from South Auckland to travel to Waitakere and North Harbour without going anywhere near Spaghetti Junction or the lower Harbour Bridge.
It's not enough however to just complete SH20. We need to make sure that a large proportion of the traffic that presently uses the Southern-Northwestern motorway link, and the Victoria Park flyover will have an incentive to switch to the SH20 and upper harbour routes.
Making the Spaghetti Junction bypass links more attractive to motorists will diminish the incentive for them to use the western route when it becomes available.
There has been no decision yet as to whether SH20 will be a motorway in its entirety, or an arterial road in part. The Green Party and many others who are opposed to further motorway construction are willing to support the completion of the southwestern link as an arterial road. Such a road will only be an attractive alternative to Spaghetti Junction if Spaghetti Junction remains relatively unattractive to through traffic.
If we are ever going to have a viable public transport system, Auckland is going to have to grow in a way that encourages more return-journeys to the CBD, and fewer through-journeys. We will never achieve critical mass in public transport if Aucklanders in the main continue to want to make complex crosstown journeys that are very difficult to make by bus, ferry or train.
Once we relieve gridlock by reducing the through-traffic that clogs central Auckland's arteries, we will be in a position to attract more people to central Auckland. Indeed, if we can get more cars to come into or near to the CBD, then we create a potential market for public transport as an attractive substitute.
We are faced with two paradoxes: gridlock is actually causing traffic volumes to increase throughout greater Auckland; and encouraging more cars to go to the CBD is necessary to create a market for a user-convenient public transport system.
The car can be a complement as well as a substitute for buses, trains and ferries. By developing convenient park-and-ride facilities, all those complex shopping and child-chauffeuring journeys will still be able to be done, but without having to take the car anywhere near the central city.
Discouraging through-traffic from using the central Auckland motorway system, while offering a reasonably attractive alternative route, could relieve the gridlock. The Transit plan will do the opposite. It will attract more through-traffic into the centre of Auckland's roading network, thereby discouraging people from visiting the CBD, from seeking work in the CBD, or from setting up businesses in the CBD. If there is little growth of travel to the heart of Auckland, there is no prospect for a viable public transport system.
Motorway snarls target of Transit plan, NZ Herald 2 Mar 2000
Motorway Link Plan, Central Leader 8 Mar 2000
Solving Auckland's transport woes, Keith Rankin, published (slightly abridged) in the NZ Herald (2 September 1999) with the misleading title Better roads network should have priority.
© 2000 Keith Rankin
Rankin File | 2000 titles